The following useful terms aim to provide you with a simple and clear explanation as what some of the common conveyancing jargon actually means…
Literally means beware. In real estate, it warns persons (prospective purchasers, mortgagees, etc.) who propose to deal in the land that a third person (normally the person lodging the caveat at the Titles Office) has some right or interest in the land.
Certificate of Title
Certificates of Title are records of property ownership. A Certificate of Title issued by the appropriate land registration authority certifying that the land in question is lawfully owned; it describes the land and indicates any encumbrances upon it.
To terminate a contract within the cooling off period. This period extends two clear business days after both the contract is signed and the Form 1 has been passed onto the purchaser. Not all contracts will include a cooling off period.
A right held by someone to use land belonging to another party for a specific purpose such as service lines, drains, water pipes, or driveway access.
Any right, interest or other claim against land which is registered on title and affects the owner’s ability to sell the property.
Form 1 (or Section 7 Statement)
Statutory disclosure statement that the vendor (seller) is required to give to the purchaser. The Form 1 contains information about the property which is collated from the State Government, local Council and Vendor and must be complete and accurate when given to the buyer. As a seller it is an offence if you fail to give the buyer a complete and accurate Form 1.
When real property is registered in the names of two or more people as joint tenants, each registered owner does not have a specific share of the property. When a joint tenant dies, the ownership automatically vests in the surviving joint tenant and an application to note the death should be registered.
Memorandum of Transfer
A document signed by both the vendor and the purchaser, which when registered in the Land Titles Office records the change of ownership of a property.
A shared wall between two pieces of property, most often in row-houses, semi-detached houses, or townhouses. The shared wall generally stands on the property boundary line.
One who is Registered under the Conveyancers Act 1994. The letters AAIC mean the conveyancer is an Associate member of the Australian Institute of Conveyancers and is your assurance that the conveyancer has done specialised study in conveyancing.
The owner of the land, whose name appears on the certificate of title.
A restriction in a title to limit, or govern, the use of the land.
Rights of way
Are indicated on the title at the Land Titles Office. They are often for the use of utilities or the respective council in order to make repairs to pipes, etc. No permanent structure may be built on a right of way.
To finalise the transaction, resulting in new certificates of title being issued.
The time and date when the transaction is settled.
A detailed statement of actual settlement costs. Amounts paid to and by the settlement agent are shown including any fees, commissions, rates and taxes.
A condition set out in the contract that must be satisfied before the contract is legally binding.
Tenants in Common
Where there are two or more registered owners of real property, each registered owner has a separate, defined share of the property. The security for the beneficiaries of the tenants in common is protected in the event of the death of one of them.
Person or entity selling the asset.
A legal claim or attachment against property as security for payment of an obligation.